What should be noted and observed when animals are being transported?
Ans ⇒ As mentioned above, the general conditions laid down in Section 98 of The Transport of Animals Rules, 1978 should be strictly adhered to. And apart from that, there are different rules for transporting different categories of animals, provided under The Transport of Animals Rules, 1978.
→ Overloading of animals amounts to treating animals cruelly under Section 11 of The Prevention Of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
- If the above general conditions with regard to the transportation of animals are not met, the animals should be immediately unloaded and sent to the nearest animal shelter.
• Some further conditions that must be observed are: In the case of trucks whose wheelbase is over 142 inches shall not carry more than six cattle without calves or five with calves.
→ The Vehicle transporting them should be large enough to carry animals comfortably and the animals should not be packed and jammed inside. The animals should also be protected from the weather.
- Animals are not allowed to be transported by tempo.
Within the vehicle, partitions must be provided at every two or three metres across the width to prevent the crowding and trapping of animals.
→ Sufficient food and water shall be carried to last during the journey and a watering facility should be provided at regular intervals.
- First aid equipment should be available in the vehicle.
- Suitable ramps should be provided for loading and unloading the animals.
Materials for padding such as straw shall be placed on the floor to avoid injury and this shall be not less than 5 cm thick.
→ Apart from this, there are specific rules for transporting different categories of animals provided under The Transport of Animals Rules, 1978 which specifies the maximum number of animals that can be carried by different types of vehicles.
Overloading of animals amounts to treating animals cruelly under Section 11 of The Prevention of Cruelty To Animals Act, 1960. The offender (in the case of a first offence) will have to pay a fine which shall extend to fifty rupees and if it is the case of second offence or subsequent offence committed within three years of the previous offence, he will be fined with not less than twenty-five rupees but which may extend to one hundred rupees or with for a term which may extend to three months or with both.
- Also, in the case of a second offence, the offender’s vehicle is confiscated, and he will never be allowed to keep an animal again.