What are the conditions for the exhibiting and training of performing animals?
Ans. → The first and foremost condition is the registration of the person seeking permission to train and exhibit. Section 3 of The Performing Animals (Registration) Rules, 2001, provides for Application of registration stating that any person desirous of training or exhibiting performing animals has to apply for registration to the prescribed authority.
- Without being registered such a person is not allowed to exhibit or train any animal as a performing animal.
Apart from this, Section 8 of The Performing Animals (Registration) Rules, 2001 lays down general conditions for registration, which the prescribed authority while granting registration may impose such terms and conditions.
The following are the general conditions:
(1) Every owner who has ten or more such performing animals shall have a veterinarian as a regular employee for their care, treatment and transport;
(2) The owner shall not transport such animals by road continuously for more than 8 hours;
(3) The owner shall ensure proper watering and feeding halts during such transportation;
(4) The owner after transportation shall provide feeding and retiring enclosures in respect of the animals;
(5) The owner shall ensure that any animal is not inflicted unnecessary pain or suffering before or during or after its training or exhibition;
(6) The owner shall not deprive the animal of feed or water in order to compel the said animal to train or perform any trick;
(7) The owner shall train an animal as a performing animal to perform an act in accordance with its basic natural instinct;
(8) The owner shall not make a performing animal perform if it is sick or injured or pregnant;
(9) The owner shall ensure that no sudden loud noise is deliberately created within the vicinity of any performing animal or bring an animal close to the fire, which may frighten the animal;
(10) The owner in case the performing animal is to be exhibited under artificial light, the overall intensity of such light shall not be more than 500 LUX;
(11) The owner shall not subject the animals to any action, which may either kill or injure or use the animals in scenes, which may cause injury to the animals;
(12) The owner shall not use any tripping device or wires or pitfalls for such animals;
(13) The owner shall not expose any animal to either burning fire or to fire accidents;
(14) The owner shall not keep any animal including horses in close proximity while shooting scenes involving explosives or other loud noises;
(15) The owner shall ensure that props such as spears, nails, splinters, barbed wires or other such props shall not cause injury to the animals during the performance;
(16) The owner shall ensure that equines are not made to walk on hard surfaces without being shoed and shall further ensure that the animals are not used in downhill slides or rodeo slide stops without proper skid and hock boots;
(17) The owner of any equine shall not use any whip;
(18) The owner shall ensure that the animal is not used on floors that are very smooth without the use of non-skidding mats;
(19) The owner shall ensure that a large gathering of animals is not allowed in such a way, that may cause or result in a stampede.
(20) The owner shall ensure that the animal is not made or incited to fight against other animals and shall further ensure that sedatives or tranquillizers or steroids or any other artificial enhancers are not administered to or inserted in any animal.
(21) The owner shall ensure that the animal shall not be transported or kept or confined in cages and receptacles, which do not measure in height, breadth or length in accordance with the comfort of the animal.
(22) The owner shall ensure that the animal is not continuously used for an excessive number of takes in shooting a film without providing adequate rest to the animal and in the event of a snake being used it shall not be made to ingest any substances or made to crawl across tarred or any other heated surface and shall not be contorted to wrestle.
(23) The owner shall ensure that while using an animal in shooting a film, the fight sequence shall not be shot in any livestock holding area including poultry area and shall further ensure that no birds are shown in cages.
(24) The owner shall inform the prescribed authority at least four weeks in advance informing the place, date and time of the actual making of the film wherein the animal is to be used;
(25) Persons desirous of transporting horses from one place to another shall adhere to the minimum.
norms to enhance conditions of travel safety of the horses, namely
:- 1) No horse shall be tied up in such a way that his head and neck movements are unnaturally restricted while travelling.
2) All horses must be watered at least every four hours and provided an adequate ration of hay during the journey lasting more than eight hours.
3) Adequate ventilation and free flow of fresh air in the vehicle shall be ensured during transport.
4) Rubber mats shall preferably be used for flooring instead of straw bedding.
5) Horses shall not be transported within twenty-four hours of having raced.
6) No horse shall be raced, where the period of journey exceeds six hours, unless twenty-four hours have elapsed since completion of the travel.