Legal Terms & Vocabulary Part – C

Calendar:

A list of court cases scheduled for a specific date and time; the civil and family court docket.

Calendar Call:

The calling of cases scheduled for the day is usually done at the beginning of each court day.

Capias Mittimus:

A civil arrest warrant is used to get a person physically into court to respond to a specific case or claim.

Capital Felony:

A criminal offense in which the death penalty may be imposed. Effective April 25, 2012, this term was replaced in the General Statutes with murder with special circumstances.

Case:

A lawsuit or action in a court.

Case Conference:

A meeting was scheduled by the court to review the case.

Case File:

The court file contains papers submitted in a case.

Case Flow Coordinator:

A person who keeps track of your case and supervises the scheduling of hearings and trials.

Central Transportation Unit:

Persons in the Division of Juvenile Detention Services who provide safe and secure transportation services for juveniles detained at Juvenile Detention Centers, Alternative Detention Program and Girls’ Detention Program.

Certify:

To testify in writing; to make known or establish as a fact.

CGS:

Abbreviation for Connecticut General Statutes

Challenge:

Rejecting a potential juror.

Charge:

A formal accusation of a crime.

Charge to Jury:

In trial practise, an address delivered by the court to the jury at the close of the case instructs the jury as to what principles of law they are to apply in reaching a decision. Civil | Criminal

Chattels:

All property except real property; personal property. For example jewellery, clothing, furniture, and appliances.

Child:

Any person under the age of sixteen (16) years of age.

Child Support:

Money paid by a parent to help meet the financial needs of a child.

The “Chip Smith Charge” is an instruction to deadlocked jurors in civil and criminal cases, urging those jurors who disagree with the majority vote to reexamine the majority views in an effort to reach a unanimous verdict.

CIP:

Children in Placement- a voluntary program in Juvenile Court, which monitors neglect, cases.

Civil Action:

A lawsuit other than a criminal case is usually filed in a Judicial District courthouse. Includes family actions (divorces, child support, etc) and small claims cases, although these are both separately designated.

Claim:

In civil cases, the statement of relief is desired.

Classification and Program Officer:

Also called CPO. A person who provides classification, program, counselling and recreational services to detained juveniles. May attend certain court hearings in Juvenile Matters and provide reports.

Common-Law:

Laws that develop through case decisions by judges. Not enacted by legislative bodies.

Community Service:

Work that convicted defendants are required to perform in order to repay the community for the harm caused to the community by the crime.

Community Services Coordinator:

The person who refers a defendant to community service work and supervises the defendant’s completion of that work.

Community Service Labor Program:

Also called CSLP. A community service program for persons charged with drug offences. Upon successful completion of the community service sentence, the criminal case is dismissed.

Complaint:

A legal document that tells the court what you want, and is served with a summons on the defendant to begin the case.

Complex Litigation:

A specialized docket designed for complex civil cases, where one judge hears the case from beginning to end. Criteria include multiple parties, large amounts of money, lengthy trial or complex legal issues.

Conditional Discharge:

A disposition, in criminal cases, where the defendant must satisfy certain court-ordered conditions instead of a prison term.

Contempt of Court:

A finding that someone disobeyed a court order. Can also mean disrupting court, for example, by being loud or disrespectful in court.

Continuance:

The adjournment or postponement of a court case to another day.

Continuance Date:

The date on which the case will next be heard in court.

Contract:

A legally enforceable agreement between two or more persons or parties.

Conviction:

To be found guilty of committing a crime.

Costs:

Expenses in prosecuting or defending a case in court. Usually does not include attorney’s fees.

Count:

The different parts of a complaint, could each be a basis or grounds for the lawsuit.

Counter Claim:

A claim by the defendant in a civil action that the defendant is entitled to damages or other relief from the plaintiff.

Court-Appointed Attorney:

An attorney is asked by the court (judge) to either represent a party to the case, or to serve in some other capacity that the case requires.

Court Clerk:

The person who maintains the official court record of your case. The court clerks’ office receives all court papers and assigns hearing dates.

Court Interpreter:

The person who translates court hearings from English to another language. Provided at state expense in all criminal cases and in cases enforcing child support orders, if requested. No interpreter is available for divorce or any other civil case.

Court Monitor:

The person who prepares a written record of the court hearing for a fee, if requested, from audiotapes made during the hearing.

Court Reporter:

The person who records everything said during the court hearing on a stenograph machine and prepares a written record for a fee if requested.

Court Services Officer:

A person who assists the judge and oversees cases as they go through the court.

Court Trial:

Trial by a judge, rather than by a jury.

Crime Victim Compensation Program:

Awards money to crime victims and their families for medical, mental health, dental, funeral expenses, lost wages and loss of support.

Cross-Examination:

Questioning by a party or the attorney of an adverse party or a witness.

Custody:

A court order decides where a child will live and how decisions about the child will be made. Parents may ask for any custody arrangement that they believe is in the best interest of their child.

Custody Affidavit:

A sworn statement containing facts about a child involved in a case, including the full name of the child, date of birth, current and past residences and other information as may be required by law.

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