Is slaughtering of an animal apart from in the slaughter house, legal ?

Is slaughtering of an animal apart from in the slaughterhouse, legal?

Ans. Wherever there is a Government slaughterhouse, slaughter cannot be done anywhere else.

If there is no government slaughterhouse in that area then killing can only take place in the licensed slaughterhouse, which should be situated, where they are not a public nuisance or an environmental hazard.

These slaughterhouses have to follow all Municipal Corporation laws and the ISI regulations. No animals can be slaughtered in slums, in roadside meat shops or in dhabas or in private houses.

  • Slaughtering of any animal at any place other than a licensed slaughterhouse is prohibited.

With regard to environmental hazards and public nuisance. Smt. Maneka Gandhi moved the Delhi Court against the Idgah Slaughterhouse of Delhi, in the larger public interest.

The court gave the following directions, which apply, to all slaughterhouses:

(1) Children below the age of 18 years shall not be allowed to work in the slaughterhouse.

(2) Each Slaughterhouse has a licence for a prescribed number of animals. The number of animals slaughtered may not exceed 2500 per day, i.e. 2,000 sheep and goats and 500 buffaloes.

(3) There should be an adequate number of veterinary doctors for the purpose of proper examination of animals thoroughly before issuing a fitness certificate for the animals to be slaughtered.

(4) Compounding fee in respect of sheep/goats is increased from Rs 50 to Rs 500 and for buffaloes from Rs 200 to Rs 2000.

(5) The maximum number of animals allowed to be carried in open trucks must not exceed 40 goats/sheep and 4 buffaloes.

(6) The slaughterhouse should have proper light, electricity, fans and coolers in its various section.

⇒ According to the Municipal laws, if there is a Municipal Authorised slaughterhouse then there can be no private slaughterhouse and no licence can be issued to such slaughterhouses, as they are illegal. As per the Indian Standard (IS).

basic requirements for a slaughterhouse are as follows:-

a) Slaughterhouse may be located outside or on the periphery of a city or town and away from an airport.

b) There must be services of potable water, electricity and proper hygienic sewage disposal facilities.

c) There must be a resting place for the animals before slaughter.

d) There must be adequate facilities for ‘before-killing’ inspection.

e) Carrying out of the humane slaughter

f) Flaying, dressing and washing of the carcasses

g) Inspection of meat and disposal of meat unfit for human consumption. If any slaughterhouse does not adhere to these standards, it cannot be licensed.

  • The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Slaughter House) Rules, 2001 prescribes the following requirements for a slaughterhouse.

Section 4 (1) to (8) states that: – •

1. The slaughterhouse shall have a reception area of an adequate size sufficient for livestock subject to veterinary inspection.

2. The veterinary doctor after examining the animal shall issue a fitness certificate for each animal.

3. The veterinary doctor shall examine thoroughly not more than 12 animals in an hour and not more than 96 animals in a day

4. The reception area of the slaughterhouse shall have proper ramps for direct unloading of animals from vehicles or railway wagons and the said reception area shall have adequate facility sufficient for feeding and watering of animals

5. Separate isolation pens shall be provided in slaughterhouses with watering and feeding arrangements for animals suspected to be suffering from contagious and infectious diseases, and fractious animals, in order to segregate them from the remaining animals.

6. Adequate holding area shall be provided in slaughterhouse according to the class of animals to be slaughtered.

7. Ante-mortem (before death) and pen area shall preferably be covered and shall be paved with material such as concrete non-slippery herringbone type or brick suitable to stand wear and tear by hooves, and suitable drainage facilities shall be provided around the borders of the area except at the entrances.

Section 5 (1) to (5) states that:-

1. Every animal after veterinary examination shall be passed on to a resting place, adequate in size and sufficient for the number of animals for resting for 24 hours before slaughter.

2. The space provided in the pens shall be not less than 2.8 sqm per large animal and 1.6 sqm. per small animal.

3. The animals shall be kept separately depending on their type and class and protected from heat and rain.

4. The resting place shall have adequate facilities for watering and postmortem inspection.

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