THE INDIAN PENAL CODE 1860

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Learning Outcomes

Introduction

→According to Stephen,

“The Indian penal code may be described

as the criminal law of England freed

from all technically and superfluities, systematically arranged and modified

in some few particulars

to suit the circumstances of British India”.

→On 1st January 1862, The Indian Penal code →→comes into operation. But, it received the assent of →→the Governor-General in Council of →→6th October 1860.

The Indian Penal code was drafted by the first Indian Law Commission in 1834. Lord Macaulay was the president of this committee and three others members were there.

Sir Barnes Peacock had a big hand behind the improvement of the English criminal law. English Criminal law was modified by servals acts. Indian Penal code administrates serval states of India like Bombay, Madras and Calcutta.

The major criminal offence in India has been codified under the Indian Penal code. Examples like →→Murder (Section 300), →→Rape (Section 375) etc. Other enactments and their products are governed under →→the Criminal Procedure Code.

→In a short way, the Indian Penal Code mainly deals with the offences and states what matters will afford an excuse or a defence to a charge of any offence.

The main purpose of this act →to provide a General Penal code for crimes to India.

Structure of Indian Penal Code.

At Present, the Indian penal code contained →511 sections and is divided into →23 chapters.

Chapters

Chapter says about

Sections 

→Introduction Sections 1 to 5.
II  →General Explanations Sections 6 to 52.
III  →Punishments Sections 53 to 75.
IV  →General Exceptions Sections 76 to 106.
→Abetment Sections 107 to 120.
VA  →Criminal Conspiracy Sections 120A to 120B.
VI →Offences against the State Sections 121 to 130.
VII  →Offences relating to the Army, Navy and Air Force Sections 131 to 140.
VIII   →Offences against the Public Tranquility Sections 141 to 160.

IX →Offences by or relating to Public Servants Sections 161 to 171
IXA →Offences Relating to Elections Sections 171A to 171
X →Contempt’s of Lawful Authority of Public Servants Sections 172 to 190.
XI  →False Evidence and Offences against Public Justice Sections 191 to 229.
XII  →Offences relating to coin and Government Stamps sections 230 to 263.
XIII  →Offences relating to Weight and Measures Sections 264 to 267
XIV →Offences affecting the Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency and Morals Sections 268 to 294.
XV  →Offences relating to Religion Sections 295 to 298.
XVI →Offences affecting the Human Body Sections 299 to 377.
XVII  →Offences Against Property Sections 378 to 462.

XVIII  →Offences relating to Documents and Property Marks Section 463 to 489.
XIX  →the Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service Sections 490 to 492
XX  →Offences related to marriage 493 to 498.
XXA →Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband Sections 498A.
XXI →Defamation Sections 499 to 502
XXII   →Criminal intimidation, Insult and Annoyance Sections 503 to 510.
XXIII  →Attempts to Commit Offences Section 511

 

Conclusion

Indian Penal code comes into operation on 1st January 1862. Lord Macaulay is president of the First law Committee. Indian Penal Code mainly deals with the offences and states what matters will afford an excuse or a defence to a charge of any offence.

The main purpose of this act →→to provide a General Penal code for crimes to India.

At Present, the Indian penal code contained →→→511 sections and is divided into →→23 chapters

This is the Basic Introduction of the Indian penal code. Thank you for the Patients reading. Share with your friend and enhance their knowledge.

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